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Söögi ja joogi maailmarekordid

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Mõned neist on lahedad ja teised on labane

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Tavaline inimene sööb oma päeva, võileibu, salateid, tacosid ja palju muud. Kogu riigis ja maailmas on paljud teised teinud suuri jõupingutusi, et püstitada ajaloo kõige metsikumad söögi- ja joogirekordid.

Metoodika

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Järgmisi saavutusi kinnitab Guinnessi rekordid.

Suurim hamburgeritega seotud esemete kogu

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Harry Sperl armastab head burgerit. Tegelikult on tal kõigi aegade suurim hamburgeriteemaline kollektsioon. „Hamburger Harryl” on oma kodus Daytona Beachil kokku 3724 eset alates juustuburgeri vesivoodist kuni täielikult toimiva juustuburgeri Harley trikeni.

Kõige raskem porgand

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Christopher Qualley Minnesotas Otsegost kasvatas kõige raskema porgandi, kaaludes 22,44 naela. Kas see oli hummusesse kastetud? Hautisesse visatud? Kasutatakse partii loominguliste küpsiste valmistamiseks? Maailm ei pruugi kunagi teada.

Kõige kallim seen

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Maailma kõige kallim seen on valge trühvel, mugula magnatum pico. See kasvab jala maa all Piemonte, Emilia-Romagna, Toscana ja Marssi piirkondades Itaalias ning Horvaatia Istria poolsaarel-ja seda saab leida ainult koolitatud koerte abiga. Hinnasilt? Kuni 3000 dollarit kilo (2,2 naela). Pole kahtlust, et see trühvel sobiks suurepäraselt maci ja juustuga.

Enamik hamburgereid söödi 3 minutiga

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Itaalias Milanos sõi 11. juulil 2014 konkurentsisööja Takeru Kobayashi kolme minutiga 12 4-untsist burgerit majoneesiga. Kui kavatsete süüa piisavalt aeglaselt, et oma burgerit maitsta, siis miks mitte oma osariigi parim burger?

Enamik pubisid külastas

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2014. aasta jaanuari seisuga, kui ta rekordi püstitas, on Bruce Masters of Flitwick Inglismaal Bedfordshire'is alates 1960. aastast külastanud 46 495 joogikohta. Me ei tea, kas ta on käinud mõnes Ameerika parimas Iiri pubis.

Enamik mahla ekstraheeritakse viinamarjadest, tallates 3 minutiga

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Martina Servaty ekstraheeris 2008. aastal Saksamaal Kölnis kolme minutiga 4,47 gallonit viinamarjamahla. Viinamarjade trampimine võib tunduda ebasanitaarne, kuid see on sama ohutu kui nende hallitanud toitude söömine.

Pikim nuudel

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Pikima nuudli mõõtmed olid 10 119 jalga ja 1,92 tolli ning selle valmistas Xiangnian Food Co., Ltd. Nanyangis, Henanis, Hiinas, oktoobris 2017. Kõlab nagu kõigi aegade parima kausitäie salajane koostisosa.

Suurim tordiskulptuur

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Suurim tordiskulptuur oli 54 jalga 45 jalga, 7 tolli 1 jalga, 9,25 tolli. Selle tegid 250 inimest 2015. aasta oktoobris Milanos asuvast Itaalia riiklikust koogidisainerite ühingust.

Suurim pitsa

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Suurima kunagi valmistatud pitsa pindala oli 13 580,28 ruutjalga - ja see oli täiesti gluteenivaba. Selle tegid Dovilio Nardi, Andrea Mannocchi, Marco Nardi, Matteo Nardi ja Matteo Giannotte NIPfoodist Itaalias Roomas Fiera Romas 2012. aasta detsembris.

Suurim M&M mosaiik

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Lõbus toidufakt on see, et suurimate M & M -i mosaiikide rekord kuulub kommide valmistajale Mars Incorporated. Umbes 291 490 šokolaaditükki kasutati umbes 534 ruutjalga logo valmistamiseks. Selle tegi 27 inimest ja selle valmimine võttis aega üle 17 tunni.

Kiireim aeg apelsini koorimiseks ja silmadega sidumiseks

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Manish Upadhyay ja Dinesh Upadhyaya on kiireim kaheliikmeline meeskond, kes koorib ja sööb apelsini silmadega. Manish kooris ja Dinesh tegi söömise 17,15 sekundiga. Rekord kinnitati 2014. aasta märtsis Goregaonis, Mumbais, Indias. Dineshile kuulub ka rekord, mis käsitleb enamiku kolme minutiga kooritud ja söödud apelsine. Ta sõi seitse. See on üks viis C -vitamiini saamiseks.

Kõige kallim hot dog

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Kõige kallim kaubanduslikult saadav hot dog maksab 169 dollarit ja selle müüs Tokyo Dog veebruaris 2014. Seattle'i toiduauto nimetas selle "Juuni Baniks", mis sisaldas suitsutatud juustubratwursti, võid Teriyaki grillitud sibulat, Maitake seeni, Wagyu veiseliha, foie gras , raseeritud mustad trühvlid, kaaviar ja Jaapani majonees brioche kukkel.

Kõige pikem tiramisu

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Seda ei leia kohalikus magustoidupoes. Pikim tiramisu valmis märtsis 2019 ja oli 897 jalga ja 3 tolli pikk. Selle valmistas Itaalias Milanos piimandusettevõte Galbani Santa Lucia Milano kokakooli õpilaste abiga, mille juhtis kokk Stefano Callegaro, kes võitis “Masterchef Italia” neljanda hooaja.

Suurim portsjon pannkooke

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25. veebruaril 2017 serveeris Venemaal Moskvas Muzeoni pargis toidubrändi Mafka suurimat pannkoogipaketti - kokku 12 716. Vaja oli vaid räsipruune, kartulikrõpse või mõnda muud neist ootamatutest koostisosadest, mis pannkoogid särama panevad.

Suurim mullimull on puhutud

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Chad Fell puhus 24. aprillil 2004 Alabama osariigis Winstoni maakonna suurima mullimuna, kasutades kolme tükki Dubble Bubble. Selle läbimõõt oli 20 tolli. Dubble Bubble on endiselt üks populaarsemaid Halloweeni komme Ameerikas.

Pikim hot dogide rida

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Pikim hot dogide rida loodi augustis 2018. Selle mõõtmed olid 4803 jalga ja 2,97 tolli. Seda valmistasid neli kaubamärki - Embasa, Grupo Bumbo, McCormick ja Fud - Jaliscos, Mehhikos, tequila kodus. Siin on kicker: Rida kirjutas sõnad "hot dog".

Suurim vegan kook

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Suurim vegankook oli 1019 naela ja 6 untsi, mille põhjas oli suhkur, jahu, manna ja sojajogurt ning peal vahustatud sojakreem ja maasikad. Rekordiomanik on Therese Lindgren, kes lõi magustoidu Rootsis Stockholmis 2017. aasta novembris. Saate oma vegankooki süüa ja ka seda süüa, kuid kui soovite midagi muud, on teie osariigi kõige veganisõbralikum restoran kaetud.

Raskeim avokaado

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Kõige raskemat avokaadot kasvatasid Kahului, Hawaii, Mark, Juliane ja Loihi Pokini 2018. aasta detsembris. See kaalus 5,6 naela. Siduge see rohke röstsaiaga ja saate endale ühe kõigi aegade suurima ja parima brunchi retsepti.

Kiireim aeg 1 liitri sidrunimahla joomiseks läbi kõrre

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Kui elu annab sulle sidruneid, joo 1 liiter selle mahla nii kiiresti kui võimalik läbi kõrre. Andre Ortolf tegi seda Saksamaal Augsburgis 22. märtsil 2018. Tal kulus 17,12 sekundit.

Enamik Bhut Jolokia tšillipipraid söödi 1 minutiga

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Mike Jacki rekord on see, et ta sööb ühe minuti jooksul kõige rohkem Bhut Jolokia tšillipipra. Ta võttis Kanadas Ontarios Londonis 2. märtsil 2019 maha 3,42 untsi (umbes 10 paprikat). Bhut Jolokia on tuntud ka kui kummituspipar - maailma kuumim pipar.

Enamik sinepit jõi läbi toru 30 sekundiga

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Miks kasutada sinepit täiesti heal hot -dogil, kui võiks selle lihtsalt otse tulistada? Andre Ortolf imes 5. jaanuaril 2015 Saksamaal Schwarzachis 30 sekundiga 14,7 untsi Delikatess Senf Mittelscharfi sinepit.

Kiireim aeg juua pudel ketšupit

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Andre Ortolfile kuulub ka kiireima aja rekord ketšupipudeli joomisel. Ta pani 30. novembril 2017. aastal Saksamaal Augsburgis maitseaine maha 17.53 sekundiga. Eelistame selle friikartulite jaoks kokku hoida. Lõppude lõpuks sööb keskmine ameeriklane igal aastal ligi 30 naela armastatavat spud.

Enamik udoneid söödi 3 minutiga

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Jeremy Lanig sõi 28. juulil 2019 Jaapanis Takamatsus 39 untsi udoni vaid kolme minutiga. Kui näete vaeva oma nuudliroogade valmistamisega, saate neid iga kord ideaalselt valmistada.

Enamik banaane katkes 1 minutiga

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Kõige rohkem ühe minuti jooksul napsatud banaane läheb Ashrita Furmanile, kes napsas 5. detsembril 2018 New Yorgis Jamaical 60 sekundiga 114 banaani pooleks. Pärast seda muudeti kollane vili banaanileivaks, mis on kõigi aegade lemmik lapsepõlve magustoit.

Suurim kulbitäis jäätist

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Te ei leia seda oma riigi parimast jäätiseletist. Maailma suurim jäätise kühvel oli maasikamaitseline ja kaalus 3010 naela. See oli 5 jalga, 6 tolli pikk ja 6 jalga, 2 tolli lai ning sisaldas 733 jäätisepakendit. Selle lõi Kemps LLC Cedarburgis, Wisconsinis, 28. juunil 2014.

Kõige kallim juustukook

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Juustukook on üks neist rasketest, kuid muljetavaldavatest magustoitudest ning see müüdi oktoobris 4 592,42 dollari eest. Maailma kõige kallim juustukook valmistati New Yorgis Ristorante Rafele'is peakokk Raffaele Ronca pühvliricotta, valge trühvli ja kuldlehtedega.

Kõige kallim hamburger

Kõige kallim hamburger maksis 5000 dollarit. See kaalus 777 naela ja selle tegi Juicy’s Foods Corvallis, Oregon, 2. juulil 2011. 48 -tunnise etteteatamisega saate isegi endale sama tellida. Otsid midagi väiksemat? Guinness seda ei kinnita, kuid Las Vegases asuvas Fleuris asuv Fleurburger on Ameerika kõige kallima burgeri lips - ja sellega kaasneb pudel veini.

Kõige kallim piimakokteil

Kõige kallim piimakokteil valmistati 1. juunil 2018. aastal New Yorgis Serendipity 3-s. 100-dollarine magus maiuspala valmistati Jersey piima, Tahiti vaniljejäätise, Devonshire'i luksusliku hüübinud koore, Madagaskari vaniljeubade, 23-karaadise söödava kullaga, vahustatud koort, eesli -karamellikastet ja Luxardo gurmee -maraschino -kirsse, mida serveeritakse 3000 Swarovski kristallidega kaetud klaasis.

Kõige kallim kokteil

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Kõige kallim kokteil oli Winston, mis sisaldas 60 milliliitrit (2 untsi) Croizet'i 1858. aasta Cuvee Leonie konjakit, mis on ühtlasi ka kõige kallim oksjonil müüdud konjak. Selle tegi Joel Heffernan 7. veebruaril 2013 Austraalias Melbourne'is Club 23 klubis. Seda müüdi 8583 dollari eest. Me ei tea, kuidas see jook oma nime sai, kuid leidsime nende klassikaliste kokteilide põnevad päritolulood.

Enamik Big Maci burgereid on elu jooksul söödud

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Meil on siin tõeline burgerikuningas ja me ei räägi ühest kõigi aegade kõige ikoonilisemast toidu maskottist. Enamiku söödud suurte Macide rekord on Donald Gorske käes, kes sööb tavaliselt 14 Big Mac'i nädalas, ostes need hulgi ja soojendades neid kodus. Rekordit purustades oli ta 24. augustil 2016. aastal Wisconsini osariigis Fond du Lacis söönud oma 28 788. Big Maci. Eelneva 44 aasta jooksul oli olnud vaid kaheksa päeva, mil ta seda ei söönud.

Enamik viinamarju söödi jalgade abil 3 minutiga

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Kaif Ali Khan sõi 9. detsembril 2018 Indias Kotdwaras kolme minuti jooksul 65 jalaga viinamarju, kasutades ainult jalgu. Loodetavasti pesi ta kõigepealt oma varbad puhtaks.

Enamik kihte võileivas

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Enamiku võileiva kihtide rekord on 60. 22. oktoobril 2016 lõpetas Future Food Studio toiduteadlane Irwin Adam Eydelnant katse New Yorgis Madison Square Parkis, kus ta virnas leiba, liha ja sinepit . Võib olla lihtsam sobitada suhu üks Ameerika parimaid kanavõileibu.

Suurim lusikakogu

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1990. aastal tunnustati Austraalias Mayfieldis asuvat Des Warrenit enam kui 30 000 teelusikatäie omanikuna. Mida teha nii paljude lusikatega? Võime vaid ette kujutada, et ta säästis hommikuti teravilja jaoks vähe.

Suurim pudelikorkide kogu

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1999. aastal oli Poul Høegh Poulsen (Rodovre, Taani) soetanud 101 733 pudeli korki 183 riigist alates nende esmakordsest kogumise alustamisest 1956. aastal. Kõlab nagu keegi jõi palju poppi.

Kiireim maraton pannkoogi keeramisel

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24. oktoobril 1999 jooksis Mike Cuzzacrea New Yorgis Buffalos kasiino Niagara rahvusvahelise maratoni 3 tunni ja 27 sekundiga. Ta keeras pannkooki pannil kogu aeg.

Enamik juustu sorte pitsal

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5. septembril 2018 valmistas Johnny di Francesco Austraalias Melbourne'is 400 Gradis pitsa 154 erinevat tüüpi juustuga. See on üks viis rohkem juustu süüa.

Suurim šokolaadist skulptuur

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1. aprillil 2018 kaalus suurim šokolaadiskulptuur 23 122,08 naela. See oli puitpliidi, pannide, lusika, purkide, tasside, tooli, kirjutuslaua, kirjutusmasina, sulepea ja palju muud-kõik valmistatud šokolaadist. Brasiilia Equipe da Casa do Chocolate valmistamiseks kulus 13 päeva.

Kiireim aeg 1 liitri kastme joomiseks

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Steven Ruppel jõi 25. aprillil 2018. aastal Wausau linnas Wisconsinis 1 minuti ja 12,5 sekundiga 1 liiter (33,8 untsi) Campbelli kanakonservi.

Suurim piknikutekk

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Mõtteainet? Hinnang ja teine ​​maailmasõda

Mida sa täna lõunaks sõid? Juustu võileivad? Sushi, salat, krõpsud? Kas olete kunagi mõelnud, mida teie toit 2016. aastal ühiskonna kohta näitab?

Võib-olla näitab see närbunud spinat, mille varem prügikasti panite, midagi enamat kui lihtsalt teie hajameelsus, see võib kujutada meie kiiret ja viskavat kultuuri. Võib-olla pole teie hommikune lehtkapsasmuuti mitte ainult maitsev jook, vaid ka tõestus kaasaegsest lummusest #puhastamise ja Instagrammable toiduainete turujõu üle.

Toit paljastab palju ühiskonda, kus seda tarbitakse, seega on ajaloolase jaoks toidu fookusesse toomine kasulik viis sotsiaalsete muutuste uurimiseks. Pole aega, mis oleks selgem kui Teises maailmasõjas ja selle järel. Mida siis sel perioodil toidu uurimine ühiskonna kohta näitab? Näitena vaadakem, mida see räägib meile naistest ja klassist 1940ndate Suurbritannias.

Kui naised kogesid Teise maailmasõja ajal väidetavalt „sotsiaalset revolutsiooni“, kus oli rohkem võimalusi tööl ja vaba aja veetmisel, siis naised - nagu arvata võis, eriti arvestades paljude meeste puudumist - jäid „köögirinde“ juhtideks. Tegelikult muutis normimine, mis algas jaanuaris 1940 peekoni, või ja suhkruga, naiste elu veelgi raskemaks, suuresti seetõttu, et nad olid pikema järjekorraga ja toitsid peret vähem toiduga. See tähendas sageli tegelikkuses loomingulisemat lähenemist sellele, mida nad teenisid, et vältida liigset monotoonsust.

Kitchen Front saade, 30. detsember 1943 (kataloogi viide: MAF 102/5)

Valitsus, tunnistades seda lisakoormust, aitas naisi, luues igal hommikul raadios eetrisse tuleva köök -saate, mis avalikustas uusi eksperimentaalseid retsepte ja esitas värskendusi päeva toiduainete kohta (kataloogi viide: MAF 102). Toodeti ka retseptivihikuid, mis sisaldasid igasuguseid veidraid ja imelisi gurmeemenüüsid! Meie sõjakokanduse kalendrid näitavad retsepte, mis pärinevad pisikestest pirukatest, mõnitavatest hanedest, „hädaabileivast“ ootamatutele külastajatele ja isegi hautatud ajule. Sõjaaegsete retseptide kohta lisateabe saamiseks vaadake meie järgmist ajaveebi, kui kavatseme isegi mõnda neist loomingutest süüa teha (ja süüa!).

„Hinnang Teises maailmasõjas” kipub esile kutsuma kujutlusi hästi kantud supikausside, kõhnade võileibade ja kobestunud porgandite pika kannatuse puudusest ja puudusest ning hautatud aju retsept võib selliseid pilte tõestada! Aga kas normimine oli kõik halb?

Mõne pere jaoks tõi Teine maailmasõda toitumises positiivseid muutusi. Enne 1939. aastat tarbisid töölispered vaid poole parema olukorraga perede kaltsiumist ja palju vähem, kui hea tervise jaoks vaja läks. 1 Sõja ajal tähendas aga piima laialdane kättesaadavus ja jahu rikastamine kaltsiumiga seda, et peaaegu kõigi tsiviilisikute dieedid, olenemata klassist, sisaldasid vähemalt soovitatavat päevaannust 1000 milligrammi kaltsiumi. 2 Sarnast positiivset mõju leiti ka valitsuse lastele mõeldud laste heaolu tagamise kavast, mis varustas alla viieaastaseid iga päev osa apelsinimahlaga (kataloogi viide: INF 13/194).

Heaolu toidukeskus, tasuta apelsinimahla plakat, 1939-1945 (kataloogi viide: INF 13/194)

Niisiis, kas on põhjust väita, et toiduainete uurimine Teises maailmasõjas näitab sotsiaalse lõhe lagunemist, privileegide tasandamist?

Täiskasvanutele mõeldud toiduratsiooni raamat (kataloogi viide: BT 131/40)

Kindlasti on tõendeid selle kohta, et avalikkus aktsepteeris normimist laialdaselt, kuna seda peeti viisiks jagada koormust õiglaselt kõigi kodanike vahel (kataloogi viide: RG 23/9A). „Õiglased aktsiad” oli valitsuse peamine mure, kusjuures dokumendid näitasid, et kabinet - Esimesest maailmasõjast õppimine ja#8211 soovis vältida „ebavõrdset jaotust ja kõrgeid toiduainete hindu” kahe „tugeva probleemitegurina” (kataloogi viide: CAB 75/27).

Küll aga on väljakutsed toidu õiglase jaotamise saavutamisel ilmsed kogu toiduministeeriumi aruannetes, mis koostasid kokkuvõtteid meediakajastusest normimise teemal. Siin on The Yorkshire Postis ilmne lõhe põhja/lõuna vahels aruanne Lõuna-Inglismaa kauplustes kuulujuttude järgi palju ihaldatud banaane, erinevalt nende ekvivalentidest Bradfordis ja selle ümbruses (kataloogi viide: MAF 102/146). Teine teema oli vabrikutes töötanud naiste ja emade võitlus. Nende tihe töögraafik takistas neil enne kodumajapidamises naisi kauplustesse jõudmist, kelle paindlikkus võimaldas neil külastada toidupoed, lihunikku ja pagarit, et osta enne töökaaslasi kõige maitsvamaid köögivilju ja lihalõike (kataloogi viide: INF 1/ 293). Seega, kuigi paljud lootsid, et normimine on õiglaselt jagatud koorem, on meie dokumentidest selge, et mõnede jaoks olid jaotused endiselt sügavad.

Teise maailmasõja ajal toitu vaadates saab palju teada sõjaaja ühiskonnast - headest ja halbadest! See ajaveeb on puudutanud töötamise ja pere toitmise „topeltkoormust”, millega silmitsi seisis rohkem naisi kui kunagi varem, ning seda, kuidas normimine oli ehk alamklassidele kasulik. Niisiis, mõelge järgmisel korral, kui supermarketist suupisteid võtate, lähete põllumajandustootjate turule või laadite sotsiaalmeediasse üles foto oma õhtusöögist.

Loodame, et see ajaveeb veenis teid, et mineviku toit on teema, mis väärib arhivaaride, teadlaste ja ajaloolaste tähelepanu ning#8211 ja teie! Vähe sellest, aga meie arvates on ülioluline, et kõigil lastel ja noortel oleks võimalus minevikus toiduga tutvuda. Miks? Toit ja jook on midagi, mis on meil kõigil ühine. Kõik, alates keskaegsetest kuningannadest kuni kodusõja sõduriteni kuni viktoriaanliku koolilapseni, tundsid nälga ja kõik on ühel või teisel kujul toitu otsinud. Samal ajal on toit ja jook sügavalt ajalooline, mis on lahutamatult seotud tarbimisperioodiga.


Mõtteainet? Hinnang ja teine ​​maailmasõda

Mida sa täna lõunaks sõid? Juustu võileivad? Sushi, salat, krõpsud? Kas olete kunagi mõelnud, mida teie toit 2016. aastal ühiskonna kohta näitab?

Võib-olla näitab see närbunud spinat, mille varem prügikasti panite, midagi enamat kui lihtsalt teie hajameelsus, see võib kujutada meie kiiret ja viskavat kultuuri. Võib-olla pole teie hommikune lehtkapsasmuuti mitte ainult maitsev jook, vaid ka tõestus kaasaegsest lummusest #puhastamise ja Instagrammable toiduainete turujõu üle.

Toit paljastab palju ühiskonda, kus seda tarbitakse, seega on ajaloolase jaoks toidu fookusesse toomine kasulik viis sotsiaalsete muutuste uurimiseks. Pole aega, mis oleks selgem kui Teises maailmasõjas ja selle järel. Mida siis sel perioodil toidu uurimine ühiskonna kohta näitab? Näitena vaadakem, mida see räägib meile naistest ja klassist 1940ndate Suurbritannias.

Kui naised kogesid Teise maailmasõja ajal väidetavalt „sotsiaalset revolutsiooni“, kus oli rohkem võimalusi tööl ja vaba aja veetmisel, siis naised - nagu arvata võis, eriti arvestades paljude meeste puudumist - jäid „köögirinde“ juhtideks. Tegelikult muutis normimine, alates 1940. aasta jaanuarist peekoni, või ja suhkruga, naiste elu veelgi keerulisemaks, suuresti seetõttu, et nad olid järjekorras pikemad ja toitsid pere vähem toidust. See tähendas sageli tegelikkuses loomingulisemat lähenemist sellele, mida nad teenisid, et vältida liigset monotoonsust.

Kitchen Front saade, 30. detsember 1943 (kataloogi viide: MAF 102/5)

Valitsus, tunnistades seda lisakoormust, aitas naisi, luues igal hommikul raadios eetrisse tuleva köök -saate, mis avalikustas uusi eksperimentaalseid retsepte ja esitas värskendusi päeva toiduainete kohta (kataloogi viide: MAF 102). Toodeti ka retseptivihikuid, mis sisaldasid igasuguseid veidraid ja imelisi gurmeemenüüsid! Meie sõjakokanduse kalendrid näitavad retsepte, mis pärinevad pisikestest pirukatest, mõnitavatest hanedest, „hädaabileivast“ ootamatutele külastajatele ja isegi hautatud ajule. Sõjaaegsete retseptide kohta lisateabe saamiseks vaadake meie järgmist ajaveebi, kui kavatseme isegi mõnda neist loomingutest süüa teha (ja süüa!).

„Hinnang Teises maailmasõjas” kipub esile kutsuma kujutlusi hästi kantud supikausside, kõhnade võileibade ja kobestunud porgandite pika kannatuse puudusest ja puudusest ning hautatud aju retsept annab tunnistust sellistest piltidest! Aga kas normimine oli kõik halb?

Mõne pere jaoks tõi Teine maailmasõda toitumises positiivseid muutusi. Enne 1939. aastat tarbisid töölispered vaid poole parema olukorraga perede kaltsiumist ja palju vähem, kui hea tervise jaoks vaja läks. 1 Sõja ajal tähendas aga piima laialdane kättesaadavus ja jahu rikastamine kaltsiumiga seda, et peaaegu kõigi tsiviilisikute dieedid, olenemata klassist, sisaldasid vähemalt soovitatavat päevaannust 1000 milligrammi kaltsiumi. 2 Sarnast positiivset mõju leiti ka valitsuse lastele mõeldud laste heaolu tagamise kavast, mis varustas alla viieaastaseid iga päev portsjoniga apelsinimahla (kataloogi viide: INF 13/194).

Heaolu toidukeskus, tasuta apelsinimahla plakat, 1939-1945 (kataloogi viide: INF 13/194)

Niisiis, kas on põhjust väita, et toidu uurimine Teises maailmasõjas näitab sotsiaalse lõhe lagunemist, privileegide tasandamist?

Täiskasvanutele mõeldud toiduratsiooni raamat (kataloogi viide: BT 131/40)

Kindlasti on tõendeid selle kohta, et avalikkus aktsepteeris normimist laialdaselt, kuna seda peeti viisiks jagada koormust õiglaselt kõigi kodanike vahel (kataloogi viide: RG 23/9A). „Õiglased aktsiad” oli valitsuse peamine mure, kusjuures dokumendid näitasid, et kabinet - Esimesest maailmasõjast õppimine ja#8211 soovis vältida „ebavõrdset jaotust ja kõrgeid toiduainete hindu” kahe „tugeva probleemitegurina” (kataloogi viide: CAB 75/27).

Küll aga on väljakutsed toidu õiglase jaotamise saavutamisel ilmsed kogu toiduministeeriumi aruannetes, mis koostasid kokkuvõtteid meediakajastusest normimise teemal. Siin on The Yorkshire Postis ilmne lõhe põhja/lõuna vahels aruanne Lõuna-Inglismaa kauplustes kuulujuttude järgi palju ihaldatud banaane, erinevalt nende ekvivalentidest Bradfordis ja selle ümbruses (kataloogi viide: MAF 102/146). Teine teema oli vabrikutes töötanud naiste ja emade võitlus. Nende tihe töögraafik takistas neil enne kodumajapidamises naisi kauplustesse jõudmist, kelle paindlikkus võimaldas neil külastada toidupoed, lihunikku ja pagarit, et osta enne töökaaslasi kõige maitsvamaid köögivilju ja lihalõike (kataloogi viide: INF 1/ 293). Seega, kuigi paljud lootsid, et normimine on õiglaselt jagatud koorem, on meie dokumentidest selge, et mõnede jaoks olid jaotused endiselt sügavad.

Teise maailmasõja ajal toitu vaadates saab palju teada sõjaaja ühiskonnast - headest ja halbadest! See ajaveeb on puudutanud töötamise ja pere toitmise „topeltkoormust”, millega silmitsi seisis rohkem naisi kui kunagi varem, ning seda, kuidas normimine oli ehk alamklassidele kasulik. Niisiis, mõelge järgmisel korral, kui supermarketist suupisteid võtate, lähete põllumajandustootjate turule või laadite sotsiaalmeediasse üles foto oma õhtusöögist.

Loodame, et see ajaveeb veenis teid, et mineviku toit on teema, mis väärib arhivaaride, teadlaste ja ajaloolaste tähelepanu ning#8211 ja teie! Vähe sellest, aga meie arvates on ülioluline, et kõigil lastel ja noortel oleks võimalus minevikus toiduga tutvuda. Miks? Toit ja jook on midagi, mis on meil kõigil ühine. Kõik, alates keskaegsetest kuningannadest kuni kodusõja sõduriteni kuni viktoriaanliku koolilapseni, tundsid nälga ja kõik on ühel või teisel kujul toitu otsinud. Samal ajal on toit ja jook sügavalt ajalooline, mis on lahutamatult seotud tarbimisperioodiga.


Mõtteainet? Hinnang ja teine ​​maailmasõda

Mida sa täna lõunaks sõid? Juustu võileivad? Sushi, salat, krõpsud? Kas olete kunagi mõelnud, mida teie toit 2016. aastal ühiskonna kohta näitab?

Võib-olla näitab see närbunud spinat, mille varem prügikasti panite, midagi enamat kui lihtsalt teie hajameelsus, see võib kujutada meie kiiret ja viskavat kultuuri. Võib-olla pole teie hommikune lehtkapsasmuuti mitte ainult maitsev jook, vaid ka tõestus kaasaegsest lummusest #puhastamise ja Instagrammable toiduainete turujõu üle.

Toit paljastab palju ühiskonda, kus seda tarbitakse, seega on ajaloolase jaoks toidu fookusesse toomine kasulik viis sotsiaalsete muutuste uurimiseks. Pole aega, mis oleks selgem kui Teises maailmasõjas ja selle järel. Mida siis sel perioodil toidu uurimine ühiskonna kohta näitab? Näitena vaadakem, mida see räägib meile naistest ja klassist 1940ndate Suurbritannias.

Kui naised kogesid Teise maailmasõja ajal väidetavalt „sotsiaalset revolutsiooni”, kus oli rohkem võimalusi tööl ja vaba aja veetmisel, siis naised - nagu arvata võis, eriti arvestades paljude meeste puudumist - jäid „köögirinde” juhtideks. Tegelikult muutis normimine, alates 1940. aasta jaanuarist peekoni, või ja suhkruga, naiste elu veelgi keerulisemaks, suuresti seetõttu, et nad olid järjekorras pikemad ja toitsid pere vähem toidust. See tähendas sageli tegelikkuses loomingulisemat lähenemist sellele, mida nad teenisid, et vältida liigset monotoonsust.

Kitchen Front saade, 30. detsember 1943 (kataloogi viide: MAF 102/5)

Valitsus, tunnistades seda lisakoormust, aitas naisi, luues igal hommikul raadios eetrisse tuleva köök -saate, mis avalikustas uusi eksperimentaalseid retsepte ja esitas värskendusi päeva toiduainete kohta (kataloogi viide: MAF 102). Toodeti ka retseptiraamatuid, mis sisaldasid igasuguseid veidraid ja imelisi gurmeemenüüsid! Meie sõjakokanduse kalendrid näitavad retsepte, mis pärinevad pisikestest pirukatest, mõnitavatest hanedest, „hädaabileivast“ ootamatutele külastajatele ja isegi hautatud ajule. Sõjaaegsete retseptide kohta lisateabe saamiseks vaadake meie järgmist ajaveebi, kui kavatseme isegi mõnda neist loomingutest süüa teha (ja süüa!).

„Hinnang Teises maailmasõjas” kipub esile kutsuma kujutlusi hästi kantud supikausside, kõhnade võileibade ja kobestunud porgandite pika kannatuse puudusest ja puudusest ning hautatud aju retsept annab tunnistust sellistest piltidest! Aga kas normimine oli kõik halb?

Mõne pere jaoks tõi Teine maailmasõda toitumises positiivseid muutusi. Enne 1939. aastat tarbisid töölispered vaid poole parema olukorraga perede kaltsiumist ja palju vähem, kui hea tervise jaoks vaja läks. 1 Sõja ajal tähendas aga piima laialdane kättesaadavus ja jahu rikastamine kaltsiumiga seda, et peaaegu kõigi tsiviilisikute dieedid, olenemata klassist, sisaldasid vähemalt soovitatavat päevaannust 1000 milligrammi kaltsiumi. 2 Sarnast positiivset mõju leiti ka valitsuse lastele mõeldud laste heaolu tagamise kavast, mis varustas alla viieaastaseid iga päev osa apelsinimahlaga (kataloogi viide: INF 13/194).

Heaolu toidukeskus, tasuta apelsinimahla plakat, 1939-1945 (kataloogi viide: INF 13/194)

Niisiis, kas on põhjust väita, et toiduainete uurimine Teises maailmasõjas näitab sotsiaalse lõhe lagunemist, privileegide tasandamist?

Täiskasvanutele mõeldud toiduratsiooni raamat (kataloogi viide: BT 131/40)

Kindlasti on tõendeid selle kohta, et avalikkus aktsepteeris normimist laialdaselt, kuna seda peeti viisiks jagada koormust õiglaselt kõigi kodanike vahel (kataloogi viide: RG 23/9A). „Õiglased aktsiad” oli valitsuse peamine mure, kusjuures dokumendid näitasid, et kabinet - Esimesest maailmasõjast õppimine ja#8211 soovis vältida „ebavõrdset jaotust ja kõrgeid toiduainete hindu” kahe „tugeva probleemitegurina” (kataloogi viide: CAB 75/27).

Küll aga on väljakutsed toidu õiglase jaotamise saavutamisel ilmsed kogu toiduministeeriumi aruannetes, mis koostasid kokkuvõtteid meediakajastusest normimise teemal. Siin on The Yorkshire Postis ilmne lõhe põhja/lõuna vahels aruanne Lõuna-Inglismaa kauplustes kuulujuttude järgi palju ihaldatud banaane, erinevalt nende ekvivalentidest Bradfordis ja selle ümbruses (kataloogi viide: MAF 102/146). Teine teema oli vabrikutes töötanud naiste ja emade võitlus. Nende tihe töögraafik takistas neil enne koduseks jäänud naisi kauplustesse jõudmist, kelle paindlikkus võimaldas neil külastada toidupoed, lihunikku ja pagarit, et osta enne töökaaslasi kõige sobivamaid köögivilju ja lihalõike (kataloogi viide: INF 1/ 293). Seega, kuigi paljud lootsid, et normimine on õiglaselt jagatud koorem, on meie dokumentide põhjal selge, et mõnede jaoks olid jagunemised endiselt sügavad.

Teise maailmasõja ajal toitu vaadates saab palju teada sõjaaja ühiskonnast - headest ja halbadest! See ajaveeb on puudutanud töötamise ja pere toitmise „topeltkoormust”, millega silmitsi seisis rohkem naisi kui kunagi varem, ning seda, kuidas normimine oli ehk alamklassidele kasulik. Niisiis, mõelge järgmisel korral, kui supermarketist suupisteid võtate, lähete põllumajandustootjate turule või laadite sotsiaalmeediasse üles foto oma õhtusöögist.

We hope that this blog has convinced you that food in the past is a topic worthy of the attention of archivists, researchers and historians – and you! Not only that, but we think it is crucial that all children and young people have the opportunity to learn about food in the past. Miks? Well, food and drink is something that we all have in common. Everyone, from medieval queens to soldiers in the civil war to Victorian school children felt hungry, and everyone has sought nourishment in one form or another. At the same time, food and drink is profoundly historical, linked inextricably with the period in which it was consumed.


Food for thought? Rationing and the Second World War

What did you eat for lunch today? Cheese sandwiches? Sushi, salad, chips? Have you ever given any thought as to what your food reveals about society in 2016?

Perhaps that wilted spinach you put in the bin earlier reveals more than just your absent-mindedness instead it might represent our fast-paced, throw-away culture. Maybe your mid-morning kale smoothie is not only a tasty beverage but also in fact evidence of a modern fascination with #cleaneating and the market power of Instagrammable foodstuffs.

Food reveals much about the society in which it is consumed, so for an historian, bringing food into focus is a useful way of exploring social change. No time is this more evident than in the Second World War and its aftermath. What, then, does an examination of food during this period reveal about society? As an example, let’s look at what it tells us about women and class in 1940s Britain.

While women arguably experienced a ‘social revolution’ during the Second World War with more opportunities in work and leisure, women – as expected, particularly given the absence of many men – remained the heads of the ‘Kitchen Front’. In fact rationing, beginning in January 1940 with bacon, butter and sugar, made the lives of women even more difficult, largely as they had queue longer and feed the family on less food. This often meant, in reality, a more creative approach in what they served to avoid too much monotony.

Kitchen Front broadcast, 30 December 1943 (catalogue reference: MAF 102/5)

The government, recognising this added burden, aided women by producing a Kitchen Front broadcast that aired on the radio every morning, which divulged new, experimental recipes and provided updates on food news for the day (catalogue reference: MAF 102). Recipe booklets were also produced and included all sorts of weird and wonderful ‘gourmet’ menus! Our war cookery calendars show the range of recipes from giblet patties, mock goose, ‘Emergency Bread’ for ‘unexpected visitors’ and even stewed brain. For more on wartime recipes, see our next blog when we are even going to have a go at cooking (and eating!) some of these creations…

‘Rationing in the Second World War’ tends to evoke images of long-suffering deprivation and deficiency of well-scraped soup bowls, skinny sandwiches and scrawny carrots – the recipe for stewed brain perhaps testifying to such images! But was rationing all bad?

For some families, the Second World War brought positive changes to their nutritional intake. Before 1939, working-class families consumed just half the calcium of better-off families, and much less than was required for good health. 1 During the war, however, the wide availability of milk and the fortification of flour with calcium meant that the diets of almost all civilians, regardless of class, contained at least the recommended daily allowance of 1000 milligrams of calcium. 2 A similar positive effect was found in the Government’s Vitamin Welfare Scheme for children, which supplied under-fives with a portion of orange juice every day (catalogue reference: INF 13/194).

Welfare Foods Centre, free orange juice poster, 1939-1945 (catalogue reference: INF 13/194)

So, is there a case to argue that an examination of food in the Second World War reveals a breaking down of social division, a levelling out of privilege?

Adult’s food ration book (catalogue reference: BT 131/40)

Certainly, there is evidence to suggest that rationing was widely accepted by the public, as it was viewed as a way of sharing the burden fairly amongst all citizens (catalogue reference: RG 23/9A). ‘Fair shares’ was a key preoccupation of the government, with records here showing that the Cabinet – learning from the First World War – was keen to avoid ‘inequality of distribution and high food prices’ as two ‘potent factors of trouble’ (catalogue reference: CAB 75/27).

However, challenges in achieving fair food distribution are evident throughout the reports of the Ministry of Food, which compiled summaries of media coverage on the topic of rationing. Here, the north/south divide is evident in The Yorkshire Posts report on the rumoured existence of much sought-after bananas in shops in the south of England, in contrast with their equivalents in Bradford and the surrounding area (catalogue reference: MAF 102/146). Another issue was that of the struggle of wives and mothers who worked in factories. Their busy working schedules prevented them from reaching the shops before stay-at-home wives, whose flexibility allowed them to visit the grocer, butcher and baker to purchase the choicest vegetables and cuts of meat before their working counterparts (catalogue reference: INF 1/293). Thus, while many hoped that rationing would be a burden shared fairly, it’s clear from our records that, for some, divisions still ran deep.

By looking at food during the Second World War, a lot can be learned about wartime society – the good and the bad! This blog has touched upon the ‘double burden’ of working and feeding the family that more women than ever before faced, and how rationing was perhaps beneficial to the lower classes. So, the next time you pick up a snack from the supermarket, head to a farmer’s market or upload a photograph of your dinner to social media, think about what this tells you about life in 2016.

We hope that this blog has convinced you that food in the past is a topic worthy of the attention of archivists, researchers and historians – and you! Not only that, but we think it is crucial that all children and young people have the opportunity to learn about food in the past. Miks? Well, food and drink is something that we all have in common. Everyone, from medieval queens to soldiers in the civil war to Victorian school children felt hungry, and everyone has sought nourishment in one form or another. At the same time, food and drink is profoundly historical, linked inextricably with the period in which it was consumed.


Food for thought? Rationing and the Second World War

What did you eat for lunch today? Cheese sandwiches? Sushi, salad, chips? Have you ever given any thought as to what your food reveals about society in 2016?

Perhaps that wilted spinach you put in the bin earlier reveals more than just your absent-mindedness instead it might represent our fast-paced, throw-away culture. Maybe your mid-morning kale smoothie is not only a tasty beverage but also in fact evidence of a modern fascination with #cleaneating and the market power of Instagrammable foodstuffs.

Food reveals much about the society in which it is consumed, so for an historian, bringing food into focus is a useful way of exploring social change. No time is this more evident than in the Second World War and its aftermath. What, then, does an examination of food during this period reveal about society? As an example, let’s look at what it tells us about women and class in 1940s Britain.

While women arguably experienced a ‘social revolution’ during the Second World War with more opportunities in work and leisure, women – as expected, particularly given the absence of many men – remained the heads of the ‘Kitchen Front’. In fact rationing, beginning in January 1940 with bacon, butter and sugar, made the lives of women even more difficult, largely as they had queue longer and feed the family on less food. This often meant, in reality, a more creative approach in what they served to avoid too much monotony.

Kitchen Front broadcast, 30 December 1943 (catalogue reference: MAF 102/5)

The government, recognising this added burden, aided women by producing a Kitchen Front broadcast that aired on the radio every morning, which divulged new, experimental recipes and provided updates on food news for the day (catalogue reference: MAF 102). Recipe booklets were also produced and included all sorts of weird and wonderful ‘gourmet’ menus! Our war cookery calendars show the range of recipes from giblet patties, mock goose, ‘Emergency Bread’ for ‘unexpected visitors’ and even stewed brain. For more on wartime recipes, see our next blog when we are even going to have a go at cooking (and eating!) some of these creations…

‘Rationing in the Second World War’ tends to evoke images of long-suffering deprivation and deficiency of well-scraped soup bowls, skinny sandwiches and scrawny carrots – the recipe for stewed brain perhaps testifying to such images! But was rationing all bad?

For some families, the Second World War brought positive changes to their nutritional intake. Before 1939, working-class families consumed just half the calcium of better-off families, and much less than was required for good health. 1 During the war, however, the wide availability of milk and the fortification of flour with calcium meant that the diets of almost all civilians, regardless of class, contained at least the recommended daily allowance of 1000 milligrams of calcium. 2 A similar positive effect was found in the Government’s Vitamin Welfare Scheme for children, which supplied under-fives with a portion of orange juice every day (catalogue reference: INF 13/194).

Welfare Foods Centre, free orange juice poster, 1939-1945 (catalogue reference: INF 13/194)

So, is there a case to argue that an examination of food in the Second World War reveals a breaking down of social division, a levelling out of privilege?

Adult’s food ration book (catalogue reference: BT 131/40)

Certainly, there is evidence to suggest that rationing was widely accepted by the public, as it was viewed as a way of sharing the burden fairly amongst all citizens (catalogue reference: RG 23/9A). ‘Fair shares’ was a key preoccupation of the government, with records here showing that the Cabinet – learning from the First World War – was keen to avoid ‘inequality of distribution and high food prices’ as two ‘potent factors of trouble’ (catalogue reference: CAB 75/27).

However, challenges in achieving fair food distribution are evident throughout the reports of the Ministry of Food, which compiled summaries of media coverage on the topic of rationing. Here, the north/south divide is evident in The Yorkshire Posts report on the rumoured existence of much sought-after bananas in shops in the south of England, in contrast with their equivalents in Bradford and the surrounding area (catalogue reference: MAF 102/146). Another issue was that of the struggle of wives and mothers who worked in factories. Their busy working schedules prevented them from reaching the shops before stay-at-home wives, whose flexibility allowed them to visit the grocer, butcher and baker to purchase the choicest vegetables and cuts of meat before their working counterparts (catalogue reference: INF 1/293). Thus, while many hoped that rationing would be a burden shared fairly, it’s clear from our records that, for some, divisions still ran deep.

By looking at food during the Second World War, a lot can be learned about wartime society – the good and the bad! This blog has touched upon the ‘double burden’ of working and feeding the family that more women than ever before faced, and how rationing was perhaps beneficial to the lower classes. So, the next time you pick up a snack from the supermarket, head to a farmer’s market or upload a photograph of your dinner to social media, think about what this tells you about life in 2016.

We hope that this blog has convinced you that food in the past is a topic worthy of the attention of archivists, researchers and historians – and you! Not only that, but we think it is crucial that all children and young people have the opportunity to learn about food in the past. Miks? Well, food and drink is something that we all have in common. Everyone, from medieval queens to soldiers in the civil war to Victorian school children felt hungry, and everyone has sought nourishment in one form or another. At the same time, food and drink is profoundly historical, linked inextricably with the period in which it was consumed.


Food for thought? Rationing and the Second World War

What did you eat for lunch today? Cheese sandwiches? Sushi, salad, chips? Have you ever given any thought as to what your food reveals about society in 2016?

Perhaps that wilted spinach you put in the bin earlier reveals more than just your absent-mindedness instead it might represent our fast-paced, throw-away culture. Maybe your mid-morning kale smoothie is not only a tasty beverage but also in fact evidence of a modern fascination with #cleaneating and the market power of Instagrammable foodstuffs.

Food reveals much about the society in which it is consumed, so for an historian, bringing food into focus is a useful way of exploring social change. No time is this more evident than in the Second World War and its aftermath. What, then, does an examination of food during this period reveal about society? As an example, let’s look at what it tells us about women and class in 1940s Britain.

While women arguably experienced a ‘social revolution’ during the Second World War with more opportunities in work and leisure, women – as expected, particularly given the absence of many men – remained the heads of the ‘Kitchen Front’. In fact rationing, beginning in January 1940 with bacon, butter and sugar, made the lives of women even more difficult, largely as they had queue longer and feed the family on less food. This often meant, in reality, a more creative approach in what they served to avoid too much monotony.

Kitchen Front broadcast, 30 December 1943 (catalogue reference: MAF 102/5)

The government, recognising this added burden, aided women by producing a Kitchen Front broadcast that aired on the radio every morning, which divulged new, experimental recipes and provided updates on food news for the day (catalogue reference: MAF 102). Recipe booklets were also produced and included all sorts of weird and wonderful ‘gourmet’ menus! Our war cookery calendars show the range of recipes from giblet patties, mock goose, ‘Emergency Bread’ for ‘unexpected visitors’ and even stewed brain. For more on wartime recipes, see our next blog when we are even going to have a go at cooking (and eating!) some of these creations…

‘Rationing in the Second World War’ tends to evoke images of long-suffering deprivation and deficiency of well-scraped soup bowls, skinny sandwiches and scrawny carrots – the recipe for stewed brain perhaps testifying to such images! But was rationing all bad?

For some families, the Second World War brought positive changes to their nutritional intake. Before 1939, working-class families consumed just half the calcium of better-off families, and much less than was required for good health. 1 During the war, however, the wide availability of milk and the fortification of flour with calcium meant that the diets of almost all civilians, regardless of class, contained at least the recommended daily allowance of 1000 milligrams of calcium. 2 A similar positive effect was found in the Government’s Vitamin Welfare Scheme for children, which supplied under-fives with a portion of orange juice every day (catalogue reference: INF 13/194).

Welfare Foods Centre, free orange juice poster, 1939-1945 (catalogue reference: INF 13/194)

So, is there a case to argue that an examination of food in the Second World War reveals a breaking down of social division, a levelling out of privilege?

Adult’s food ration book (catalogue reference: BT 131/40)

Certainly, there is evidence to suggest that rationing was widely accepted by the public, as it was viewed as a way of sharing the burden fairly amongst all citizens (catalogue reference: RG 23/9A). ‘Fair shares’ was a key preoccupation of the government, with records here showing that the Cabinet – learning from the First World War – was keen to avoid ‘inequality of distribution and high food prices’ as two ‘potent factors of trouble’ (catalogue reference: CAB 75/27).

However, challenges in achieving fair food distribution are evident throughout the reports of the Ministry of Food, which compiled summaries of media coverage on the topic of rationing. Here, the north/south divide is evident in The Yorkshire Posts report on the rumoured existence of much sought-after bananas in shops in the south of England, in contrast with their equivalents in Bradford and the surrounding area (catalogue reference: MAF 102/146). Another issue was that of the struggle of wives and mothers who worked in factories. Their busy working schedules prevented them from reaching the shops before stay-at-home wives, whose flexibility allowed them to visit the grocer, butcher and baker to purchase the choicest vegetables and cuts of meat before their working counterparts (catalogue reference: INF 1/293). Thus, while many hoped that rationing would be a burden shared fairly, it’s clear from our records that, for some, divisions still ran deep.

By looking at food during the Second World War, a lot can be learned about wartime society – the good and the bad! This blog has touched upon the ‘double burden’ of working and feeding the family that more women than ever before faced, and how rationing was perhaps beneficial to the lower classes. So, the next time you pick up a snack from the supermarket, head to a farmer’s market or upload a photograph of your dinner to social media, think about what this tells you about life in 2016.

We hope that this blog has convinced you that food in the past is a topic worthy of the attention of archivists, researchers and historians – and you! Not only that, but we think it is crucial that all children and young people have the opportunity to learn about food in the past. Miks? Well, food and drink is something that we all have in common. Everyone, from medieval queens to soldiers in the civil war to Victorian school children felt hungry, and everyone has sought nourishment in one form or another. At the same time, food and drink is profoundly historical, linked inextricably with the period in which it was consumed.


Food for thought? Rationing and the Second World War

What did you eat for lunch today? Cheese sandwiches? Sushi, salad, chips? Have you ever given any thought as to what your food reveals about society in 2016?

Perhaps that wilted spinach you put in the bin earlier reveals more than just your absent-mindedness instead it might represent our fast-paced, throw-away culture. Maybe your mid-morning kale smoothie is not only a tasty beverage but also in fact evidence of a modern fascination with #cleaneating and the market power of Instagrammable foodstuffs.

Food reveals much about the society in which it is consumed, so for an historian, bringing food into focus is a useful way of exploring social change. No time is this more evident than in the Second World War and its aftermath. What, then, does an examination of food during this period reveal about society? As an example, let’s look at what it tells us about women and class in 1940s Britain.

While women arguably experienced a ‘social revolution’ during the Second World War with more opportunities in work and leisure, women – as expected, particularly given the absence of many men – remained the heads of the ‘Kitchen Front’. In fact rationing, beginning in January 1940 with bacon, butter and sugar, made the lives of women even more difficult, largely as they had queue longer and feed the family on less food. This often meant, in reality, a more creative approach in what they served to avoid too much monotony.

Kitchen Front broadcast, 30 December 1943 (catalogue reference: MAF 102/5)

The government, recognising this added burden, aided women by producing a Kitchen Front broadcast that aired on the radio every morning, which divulged new, experimental recipes and provided updates on food news for the day (catalogue reference: MAF 102). Recipe booklets were also produced and included all sorts of weird and wonderful ‘gourmet’ menus! Our war cookery calendars show the range of recipes from giblet patties, mock goose, ‘Emergency Bread’ for ‘unexpected visitors’ and even stewed brain. For more on wartime recipes, see our next blog when we are even going to have a go at cooking (and eating!) some of these creations…

‘Rationing in the Second World War’ tends to evoke images of long-suffering deprivation and deficiency of well-scraped soup bowls, skinny sandwiches and scrawny carrots – the recipe for stewed brain perhaps testifying to such images! But was rationing all bad?

For some families, the Second World War brought positive changes to their nutritional intake. Before 1939, working-class families consumed just half the calcium of better-off families, and much less than was required for good health. 1 During the war, however, the wide availability of milk and the fortification of flour with calcium meant that the diets of almost all civilians, regardless of class, contained at least the recommended daily allowance of 1000 milligrams of calcium. 2 A similar positive effect was found in the Government’s Vitamin Welfare Scheme for children, which supplied under-fives with a portion of orange juice every day (catalogue reference: INF 13/194).

Welfare Foods Centre, free orange juice poster, 1939-1945 (catalogue reference: INF 13/194)

So, is there a case to argue that an examination of food in the Second World War reveals a breaking down of social division, a levelling out of privilege?

Adult’s food ration book (catalogue reference: BT 131/40)

Certainly, there is evidence to suggest that rationing was widely accepted by the public, as it was viewed as a way of sharing the burden fairly amongst all citizens (catalogue reference: RG 23/9A). ‘Fair shares’ was a key preoccupation of the government, with records here showing that the Cabinet – learning from the First World War – was keen to avoid ‘inequality of distribution and high food prices’ as two ‘potent factors of trouble’ (catalogue reference: CAB 75/27).

However, challenges in achieving fair food distribution are evident throughout the reports of the Ministry of Food, which compiled summaries of media coverage on the topic of rationing. Here, the north/south divide is evident in The Yorkshire Posts report on the rumoured existence of much sought-after bananas in shops in the south of England, in contrast with their equivalents in Bradford and the surrounding area (catalogue reference: MAF 102/146). Another issue was that of the struggle of wives and mothers who worked in factories. Their busy working schedules prevented them from reaching the shops before stay-at-home wives, whose flexibility allowed them to visit the grocer, butcher and baker to purchase the choicest vegetables and cuts of meat before their working counterparts (catalogue reference: INF 1/293). Thus, while many hoped that rationing would be a burden shared fairly, it’s clear from our records that, for some, divisions still ran deep.

By looking at food during the Second World War, a lot can be learned about wartime society – the good and the bad! This blog has touched upon the ‘double burden’ of working and feeding the family that more women than ever before faced, and how rationing was perhaps beneficial to the lower classes. So, the next time you pick up a snack from the supermarket, head to a farmer’s market or upload a photograph of your dinner to social media, think about what this tells you about life in 2016.

We hope that this blog has convinced you that food in the past is a topic worthy of the attention of archivists, researchers and historians – and you! Not only that, but we think it is crucial that all children and young people have the opportunity to learn about food in the past. Miks? Well, food and drink is something that we all have in common. Everyone, from medieval queens to soldiers in the civil war to Victorian school children felt hungry, and everyone has sought nourishment in one form or another. At the same time, food and drink is profoundly historical, linked inextricably with the period in which it was consumed.


Food for thought? Rationing and the Second World War

What did you eat for lunch today? Cheese sandwiches? Sushi, salad, chips? Have you ever given any thought as to what your food reveals about society in 2016?

Perhaps that wilted spinach you put in the bin earlier reveals more than just your absent-mindedness instead it might represent our fast-paced, throw-away culture. Maybe your mid-morning kale smoothie is not only a tasty beverage but also in fact evidence of a modern fascination with #cleaneating and the market power of Instagrammable foodstuffs.

Food reveals much about the society in which it is consumed, so for an historian, bringing food into focus is a useful way of exploring social change. No time is this more evident than in the Second World War and its aftermath. What, then, does an examination of food during this period reveal about society? As an example, let’s look at what it tells us about women and class in 1940s Britain.

While women arguably experienced a ‘social revolution’ during the Second World War with more opportunities in work and leisure, women – as expected, particularly given the absence of many men – remained the heads of the ‘Kitchen Front’. In fact rationing, beginning in January 1940 with bacon, butter and sugar, made the lives of women even more difficult, largely as they had queue longer and feed the family on less food. This often meant, in reality, a more creative approach in what they served to avoid too much monotony.

Kitchen Front broadcast, 30 December 1943 (catalogue reference: MAF 102/5)

The government, recognising this added burden, aided women by producing a Kitchen Front broadcast that aired on the radio every morning, which divulged new, experimental recipes and provided updates on food news for the day (catalogue reference: MAF 102). Recipe booklets were also produced and included all sorts of weird and wonderful ‘gourmet’ menus! Our war cookery calendars show the range of recipes from giblet patties, mock goose, ‘Emergency Bread’ for ‘unexpected visitors’ and even stewed brain. For more on wartime recipes, see our next blog when we are even going to have a go at cooking (and eating!) some of these creations…

‘Rationing in the Second World War’ tends to evoke images of long-suffering deprivation and deficiency of well-scraped soup bowls, skinny sandwiches and scrawny carrots – the recipe for stewed brain perhaps testifying to such images! But was rationing all bad?

For some families, the Second World War brought positive changes to their nutritional intake. Before 1939, working-class families consumed just half the calcium of better-off families, and much less than was required for good health. 1 During the war, however, the wide availability of milk and the fortification of flour with calcium meant that the diets of almost all civilians, regardless of class, contained at least the recommended daily allowance of 1000 milligrams of calcium. 2 A similar positive effect was found in the Government’s Vitamin Welfare Scheme for children, which supplied under-fives with a portion of orange juice every day (catalogue reference: INF 13/194).

Welfare Foods Centre, free orange juice poster, 1939-1945 (catalogue reference: INF 13/194)

So, is there a case to argue that an examination of food in the Second World War reveals a breaking down of social division, a levelling out of privilege?

Adult’s food ration book (catalogue reference: BT 131/40)

Certainly, there is evidence to suggest that rationing was widely accepted by the public, as it was viewed as a way of sharing the burden fairly amongst all citizens (catalogue reference: RG 23/9A). ‘Fair shares’ was a key preoccupation of the government, with records here showing that the Cabinet – learning from the First World War – was keen to avoid ‘inequality of distribution and high food prices’ as two ‘potent factors of trouble’ (catalogue reference: CAB 75/27).

However, challenges in achieving fair food distribution are evident throughout the reports of the Ministry of Food, which compiled summaries of media coverage on the topic of rationing. Here, the north/south divide is evident in The Yorkshire Posts report on the rumoured existence of much sought-after bananas in shops in the south of England, in contrast with their equivalents in Bradford and the surrounding area (catalogue reference: MAF 102/146). Another issue was that of the struggle of wives and mothers who worked in factories. Their busy working schedules prevented them from reaching the shops before stay-at-home wives, whose flexibility allowed them to visit the grocer, butcher and baker to purchase the choicest vegetables and cuts of meat before their working counterparts (catalogue reference: INF 1/293). Thus, while many hoped that rationing would be a burden shared fairly, it’s clear from our records that, for some, divisions still ran deep.

By looking at food during the Second World War, a lot can be learned about wartime society – the good and the bad! This blog has touched upon the ‘double burden’ of working and feeding the family that more women than ever before faced, and how rationing was perhaps beneficial to the lower classes. So, the next time you pick up a snack from the supermarket, head to a farmer’s market or upload a photograph of your dinner to social media, think about what this tells you about life in 2016.

We hope that this blog has convinced you that food in the past is a topic worthy of the attention of archivists, researchers and historians – and you! Not only that, but we think it is crucial that all children and young people have the opportunity to learn about food in the past. Miks? Well, food and drink is something that we all have in common. Everyone, from medieval queens to soldiers in the civil war to Victorian school children felt hungry, and everyone has sought nourishment in one form or another. At the same time, food and drink is profoundly historical, linked inextricably with the period in which it was consumed.


Food for thought? Rationing and the Second World War

What did you eat for lunch today? Cheese sandwiches? Sushi, salad, chips? Have you ever given any thought as to what your food reveals about society in 2016?

Perhaps that wilted spinach you put in the bin earlier reveals more than just your absent-mindedness instead it might represent our fast-paced, throw-away culture. Maybe your mid-morning kale smoothie is not only a tasty beverage but also in fact evidence of a modern fascination with #cleaneating and the market power of Instagrammable foodstuffs.

Food reveals much about the society in which it is consumed, so for an historian, bringing food into focus is a useful way of exploring social change. No time is this more evident than in the Second World War and its aftermath. What, then, does an examination of food during this period reveal about society? As an example, let’s look at what it tells us about women and class in 1940s Britain.

While women arguably experienced a ‘social revolution’ during the Second World War with more opportunities in work and leisure, women – as expected, particularly given the absence of many men – remained the heads of the ‘Kitchen Front’. In fact rationing, beginning in January 1940 with bacon, butter and sugar, made the lives of women even more difficult, largely as they had queue longer and feed the family on less food. This often meant, in reality, a more creative approach in what they served to avoid too much monotony.

Kitchen Front broadcast, 30 December 1943 (catalogue reference: MAF 102/5)

The government, recognising this added burden, aided women by producing a Kitchen Front broadcast that aired on the radio every morning, which divulged new, experimental recipes and provided updates on food news for the day (catalogue reference: MAF 102). Recipe booklets were also produced and included all sorts of weird and wonderful ‘gourmet’ menus! Our war cookery calendars show the range of recipes from giblet patties, mock goose, ‘Emergency Bread’ for ‘unexpected visitors’ and even stewed brain. For more on wartime recipes, see our next blog when we are even going to have a go at cooking (and eating!) some of these creations…

‘Rationing in the Second World War’ tends to evoke images of long-suffering deprivation and deficiency of well-scraped soup bowls, skinny sandwiches and scrawny carrots – the recipe for stewed brain perhaps testifying to such images! But was rationing all bad?

For some families, the Second World War brought positive changes to their nutritional intake. Before 1939, working-class families consumed just half the calcium of better-off families, and much less than was required for good health. 1 During the war, however, the wide availability of milk and the fortification of flour with calcium meant that the diets of almost all civilians, regardless of class, contained at least the recommended daily allowance of 1000 milligrams of calcium. 2 A similar positive effect was found in the Government’s Vitamin Welfare Scheme for children, which supplied under-fives with a portion of orange juice every day (catalogue reference: INF 13/194).

Welfare Foods Centre, free orange juice poster, 1939-1945 (catalogue reference: INF 13/194)

So, is there a case to argue that an examination of food in the Second World War reveals a breaking down of social division, a levelling out of privilege?

Adult’s food ration book (catalogue reference: BT 131/40)

Certainly, there is evidence to suggest that rationing was widely accepted by the public, as it was viewed as a way of sharing the burden fairly amongst all citizens (catalogue reference: RG 23/9A). ‘Fair shares’ was a key preoccupation of the government, with records here showing that the Cabinet – learning from the First World War – was keen to avoid ‘inequality of distribution and high food prices’ as two ‘potent factors of trouble’ (catalogue reference: CAB 75/27).

However, challenges in achieving fair food distribution are evident throughout the reports of the Ministry of Food, which compiled summaries of media coverage on the topic of rationing. Here, the north/south divide is evident in The Yorkshire Posts report on the rumoured existence of much sought-after bananas in shops in the south of England, in contrast with their equivalents in Bradford and the surrounding area (catalogue reference: MAF 102/146). Another issue was that of the struggle of wives and mothers who worked in factories. Their busy working schedules prevented them from reaching the shops before stay-at-home wives, whose flexibility allowed them to visit the grocer, butcher and baker to purchase the choicest vegetables and cuts of meat before their working counterparts (catalogue reference: INF 1/293). Thus, while many hoped that rationing would be a burden shared fairly, it’s clear from our records that, for some, divisions still ran deep.

By looking at food during the Second World War, a lot can be learned about wartime society – the good and the bad! This blog has touched upon the ‘double burden’ of working and feeding the family that more women than ever before faced, and how rationing was perhaps beneficial to the lower classes. So, the next time you pick up a snack from the supermarket, head to a farmer’s market or upload a photograph of your dinner to social media, think about what this tells you about life in 2016.

We hope that this blog has convinced you that food in the past is a topic worthy of the attention of archivists, researchers and historians – and you! Not only that, but we think it is crucial that all children and young people have the opportunity to learn about food in the past. Miks? Well, food and drink is something that we all have in common. Everyone, from medieval queens to soldiers in the civil war to Victorian school children felt hungry, and everyone has sought nourishment in one form or another. At the same time, food and drink is profoundly historical, linked inextricably with the period in which it was consumed.


Food for thought? Rationing and the Second World War

What did you eat for lunch today? Cheese sandwiches? Sushi, salad, chips? Have you ever given any thought as to what your food reveals about society in 2016?

Perhaps that wilted spinach you put in the bin earlier reveals more than just your absent-mindedness instead it might represent our fast-paced, throw-away culture. Maybe your mid-morning kale smoothie is not only a tasty beverage but also in fact evidence of a modern fascination with #cleaneating and the market power of Instagrammable foodstuffs.

Food reveals much about the society in which it is consumed, so for an historian, bringing food into focus is a useful way of exploring social change. No time is this more evident than in the Second World War and its aftermath. What, then, does an examination of food during this period reveal about society? As an example, let’s look at what it tells us about women and class in 1940s Britain.

While women arguably experienced a ‘social revolution’ during the Second World War with more opportunities in work and leisure, women – as expected, particularly given the absence of many men – remained the heads of the ‘Kitchen Front’. In fact rationing, beginning in January 1940 with bacon, butter and sugar, made the lives of women even more difficult, largely as they had queue longer and feed the family on less food. This often meant, in reality, a more creative approach in what they served to avoid too much monotony.

Kitchen Front broadcast, 30 December 1943 (catalogue reference: MAF 102/5)

The government, recognising this added burden, aided women by producing a Kitchen Front broadcast that aired on the radio every morning, which divulged new, experimental recipes and provided updates on food news for the day (catalogue reference: MAF 102). Recipe booklets were also produced and included all sorts of weird and wonderful ‘gourmet’ menus! Our war cookery calendars show the range of recipes from giblet patties, mock goose, ‘Emergency Bread’ for ‘unexpected visitors’ and even stewed brain. For more on wartime recipes, see our next blog when we are even going to have a go at cooking (and eating!) some of these creations…

‘Rationing in the Second World War’ tends to evoke images of long-suffering deprivation and deficiency of well-scraped soup bowls, skinny sandwiches and scrawny carrots – the recipe for stewed brain perhaps testifying to such images! But was rationing all bad?

For some families, the Second World War brought positive changes to their nutritional intake. Before 1939, working-class families consumed just half the calcium of better-off families, and much less than was required for good health. 1 During the war, however, the wide availability of milk and the fortification of flour with calcium meant that the diets of almost all civilians, regardless of class, contained at least the recommended daily allowance of 1000 milligrams of calcium. 2 A similar positive effect was found in the Government’s Vitamin Welfare Scheme for children, which supplied under-fives with a portion of orange juice every day (catalogue reference: INF 13/194).

Welfare Foods Centre, free orange juice poster, 1939-1945 (catalogue reference: INF 13/194)

So, is there a case to argue that an examination of food in the Second World War reveals a breaking down of social division, a levelling out of privilege?

Adult’s food ration book (catalogue reference: BT 131/40)

Certainly, there is evidence to suggest that rationing was widely accepted by the public, as it was viewed as a way of sharing the burden fairly amongst all citizens (catalogue reference: RG 23/9A). ‘Fair shares’ was a key preoccupation of the government, with records here showing that the Cabinet – learning from the First World War – was keen to avoid ‘inequality of distribution and high food prices’ as two ‘potent factors of trouble’ (catalogue reference: CAB 75/27).

However, challenges in achieving fair food distribution are evident throughout the reports of the Ministry of Food, which compiled summaries of media coverage on the topic of rationing. Here, the north/south divide is evident in The Yorkshire Posts report on the rumoured existence of much sought-after bananas in shops in the south of England, in contrast with their equivalents in Bradford and the surrounding area (catalogue reference: MAF 102/146). Another issue was that of the struggle of wives and mothers who worked in factories. Their busy working schedules prevented them from reaching the shops before stay-at-home wives, whose flexibility allowed them to visit the grocer, butcher and baker to purchase the choicest vegetables and cuts of meat before their working counterparts (catalogue reference: INF 1/293). Thus, while many hoped that rationing would be a burden shared fairly, it’s clear from our records that, for some, divisions still ran deep.

By looking at food during the Second World War, a lot can be learned about wartime society – the good and the bad! This blog has touched upon the ‘double burden’ of working and feeding the family that more women than ever before faced, and how rationing was perhaps beneficial to the lower classes. So, the next time you pick up a snack from the supermarket, head to a farmer’s market or upload a photograph of your dinner to social media, think about what this tells you about life in 2016.

We hope that this blog has convinced you that food in the past is a topic worthy of the attention of archivists, researchers and historians – and you! Not only that, but we think it is crucial that all children and young people have the opportunity to learn about food in the past. Miks? Well, food and drink is something that we all have in common.Kõik, alates keskaegsetest kuningannadest kuni kodusõja sõduriteni kuni viktoriaanliku koolilapseni, tundsid nälga ja kõik on ühel või teisel kujul toitu otsinud. Samal ajal on toit ja jook sügavalt ajalooline, mis on lahutamatult seotud tarbimisperioodiga.


Vaata videot: Vello Vaher Maailmarekord sai löödud. The world record was created fotoViktorBurkivski28OCT2016